New Teacher Survival Guide Series
Teacher Survival Guide series is produced to help teachers new to the classroom
navigate their first few months on the job.
A teacher’s first year
is often the most challenging. Learning how to manage a classroom, design
lesson plans that work for students, cooperate with faculty and administrators,
and manage the time to perform all of these tasks and more is difficult for
entering teachers. This new teacher guide offers tips for new teachers and
strategies for new teachers to help your first year be successful in seven
New Teacher Tips: When to Assign
Homework…and How Much?
is actually debate on whether homework is “good” or “bad” for students.
Woefully little of this research has explored whether the timing or length of
homework has an effect on student learning, but from the below studies, we can
gain some insights.
§ Definitely Assign Homework. Harris Cooper, Director of Duke
University’s Program in Education, found through meta-analysis that homework at
all ages improves student achievement, and that the correlation was strongest
for secondary school students (grades 7-12).
§ Assign homework outside of class. In “Longitudinal effects of in-school
and out-of-school homework on high school grades”, Keith et al. determined
that homework completed in-school, such as periods set aside during instruction
periods and study halls, had no effect on student grades, whereas homework
completed out of school had a measurable positive impact.
§ Don’t worry too much about parental reaction. A 2006 survey by the Associated Press
found that 57% of parents believed their child received the right amount of
homework, and 63% of teachers agreed. 19% of parents believed their child
received too much homework, and 12% of teachers agreed.
§ Consider the ten minute rule. A new teacher tip from the National
Parent Teacher Association: multiply a student’s grade level by ten to identify
the ideal nightly homework load. A 9th grader would have 90
minutes of nightly homework whereas a 12th grader would have
§ Keep in mind total homework load. If each teacher used the ten minute rule
by subject, a 9th grader taking seven classes would have a
nightly homework load of ten hours. Teachers can assist students with their
homework loads by allowing them longer times to complete work and discussing
homework loads among other grade-level instructors. As noted above, in-class
completion time is not effective in a learning context.
§ Consider student ability. In an analysis by Ray Heitzmann,
“Target Homework to Maximize Learning”, Hetizmann notes how important
it is to assign appropriate homework lengths by student ability and allow
adequate time for them to complete assignments.
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